“Vascular malformations” is the term used to describe several types of vascular irregularities, or abnormalities of the blood vessels. These can involve veins, arteries, lymph vessels or any combination of these.
Vascular malformation treatment depends on the type of abnormality. Some require vascular malformation surgery, while others might be better off using embolization or Gamma Knife treatment. When considering treatment for any vascular malformation in the brain, it is paramount that the team of physicians has extensive experience and training in both the diagnosis and the treatment of these often complex lesions.
The different types of malformations include:
AVMs (are the most common types of vascular malformation.
Symptoms depend on exactly where the problem is. Pain, bleeding in the brain, headaches and seizures are possible.
Imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans, can detect many vascular malformations. However, the "gold standard" test to both diagnose and understand an AVM is a catheter cerebral angiogram. Cavernous malformations, in the other hand, are best seen with an MRI and are not visible with catheter angiography.
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