A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth on the pituitary gland that occurs for unknown reasons. This gland is located at the base of your brain and oversees the release of hormones, which regulate everything from growth to metabolism.
When it comes to pituitary tumor treatment, your physician will take into account your age, health and the type of tumor, its size and how far it’s grown into the brain. Since its inception in 1968 patients have been choosing the noninvasive and effective Gamma Knife treatment. Others options include:
Some people may need to take synthetic hormones following the surgical removal of a tumor.
The majority of pituitary tumors are noncancerous and will never cause symptoms or be diagnosed. However, some people may have tumors that produce more than the normal amount of hormones, which triggers endocrine symptoms. These lesions are called “secreting.” Some pituitary tumors grow large enough to compress the visual apparatus and are often discovered due to visual complaints. Pituitary tumors can occur at any age and to anyone, but older adults and people who have a family history of certain hereditary conditions, including multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN I), have a greater risk of developing them.
Symptoms vary, depending on whether a tumor produces too much of a hormone or if symptoms stem from damage or pressure caused by the tumor’s size. Tumors that produce too much of one or more hormones can cause:
Large pituitary tumors that put pressure on the pituitary gland and surrounding structures may trigger:
Blood and urine tests, imaging, such as computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and vision exams can all detect a pituitary tumor.
Complete the contact form below or call The Gamma Knife Center at The Valley Hospital at 201-634-5677 to set up a consultation and receive more information.
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The Valley Hospital is pleased to be one of the first hospitals in the United States to offer the Leksell Gamma Knife Icon — the latest technology for the treatment of benign and malignant brain tumors and neurological conditions in the brain.